San Juan de Dios de Cárdenas, a small town belonging to the municipality of the same name, is located 14 kilometers, only 18 minutes from Varadero, Cuba. It is highly recommended to visit it after the latter, since the difference between the two produces a very strong and therefore unforgettable contrast.
The municipality limits to the north with the Strait of Florida, to the east with the municipality of Martí, to the south with the municipalities of Jovellanos and Limonar and to the west with the municipality of Matanzas. Its bay was recognized in 1516 during the first bojeo to the island of Cuba. It has a history that dates from the aboriginal stage, with economic activity from the 16th century until its foundation on March 8, 1828. The municipality has the populations of Cárdenas, Varadero, Cantel, Guásimas, Lagunillas, Camarioca and Boca de Camarioca . The main rivers of the municipality are the San Antón and the Siguanea, that is born with the name of Hatico and ends in the bay of Cárdenas. Its bay was recognized from 1516 during the first bojeo to the island of Cuba. Culture Cárdenas had some cultural development inherited from the 19th century but never comparable to what we have today.City Flag
On May 19, 1850, Venezuelan General Narciso López landed in Cardenas with 600 expeditionaries hoping to achieve Cuba's independence by carrying the one that would be taken at the Assembly of Guaimaro on April 10, 1869 as the national flag of Cuba. Cárdenas is also known as the Flag City.
Cárdenas is as traditional as Varadero modern, as simple one as glamorous the other. Cardenas seems to have escaped from one of Isabel Allende's books. It preserves the traditional values and all the essence of Cuba before 1959. The city is beautiful, sprinkled on all sides of little colonial buildings and arches of the nineteenth century. Its ruins preserve untouchable the magic of an impalpable time, that surrounds the place like a haze. The hotel workers and service employees who work in Varadero have their home here in this small town where the legend of the Revolution has always been present.
Cardenas has the merit of having been the first American city to raise a bronze statue of Christopher Columbus in the center of the city. In the municipality are located 14 kilometers only 18 minutes of beaches of Varadero, known in other latitudes for its blue waters and very fine sands. Here, Cuba's largest tourism hub was built and continues to expand, with a turnover of 38 percent of the $ 2.7 billion earned by the leisure industry in 2014.
Below these paradisiacal coasts, there is a rich oil field, Varadero 1.000, which is exploited through the longest horizontal drilling made in the country. With 90 wells, that field contributed 200 million barrels (169 liters) from 1971 to 2017. And the city is surrounded by mineral quarries, which nourished the great constructions carried out during the last 20 years and continue supporting the expansion of the tourist pole, 10 kilometers from the center of the city.